Type 2 diabetes can be a 'devastating diagnosis' says expert
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There are also certain foods and drinks which can increase your risk of diabetes. The NHS says: “Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and tends to be diagnosed in older people. Due to increased obesity, type 2 diabetes is now being seen in young people and all ages. It’s far more common than type 1 diabetes.”
Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.
Your blood sugar levels, also known as blood glucose levels, are a measurement that show how much glucose you have in your blood.
Hyperglycaemia is not the same as hypoglycaemia, which is when a person’s blood sugar level drops too low.
The NHS says: “Many people have type 2 diabetes without realising. This is because symptoms do not necessarily make you feel unwell.”
The NHS says that symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
- Peeing more than usual, particularly at night
- Feeling thirsty all the time
- Feeling very tired
- Losing weight without trying to
- Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
- Cuts or wounds taking longer to heal
- Blurred vision
Studies have shown that cutting back on sugary drinks can reduce your risk of diabetes.
Heathline says: “One large observational study looked at the diabetes risk of 2,800 people.
“Those who consumed more than two servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day had a 99 percent increased risk of developing LADA and a 20 percent increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.”
The CDC says: “Frequently drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight gain/obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, kidney diseases, non-alcoholic liver disease, tooth decay and cavities, and gout, a type of arthritis.”
The Nutrition Source says: “Excess weight is the single most important cause of type 2 diabetes.
“Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven-fold. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than someone with a healthy weight.”
Indeed, it says that losing weight can help if your weight is above the healthy-weight range.
“Losing 7-10 percent of your current weight can cut your chances of developing type 2 diabetes in half,” it notes.
Although diet can help, the NHS says most people need medicine to control their type 2 diabetes.
It says: “Medicine helps keep your blood sugar level as normal as possible to prevent health problems. You may have to take it for the rest of your life. Diabetes usually gets worse over time, so your medicine or dose may need to change.”
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) says: “You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people.
“You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese.”
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